Throughout the Colonial years, Good Britain did not promote education. The schools were create and operated by Religious Missionaries. The English colonial government only financed a few schools. The plan of the us government was to offer offer to goal colleges rather than grow the system.
In the northern part of Nigeria, which was generally Muslim populated, Western-style training was prohibited. The spiritual leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. This gave way to establishing Islamic college that concentrated primarily on the Islamic education. Nowadays, adult literacy has been estimated to be over 78 percent for men and 64 percent for women. These statistics were built predicated on calculate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic among upper Muslims. It’s thus not incorrect to call Nigeria a nation dominated with educated persons.
Just before Nigeria’s freedom, Nigeria had just two recognized Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher college (founded in 1934, Today Yaba School of Technology) and the University of Ibadan was created in 1948. It had been a College of the School of London till 2 yrs after the independence when she became autonomous. More prominent universities which include College of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo College (formerly School of Ife), Ahmadu Bello School and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo School (formerly University of Lagos) were started in the decades that used the Independence.
In 1970s more universities were started which include College of Benin (founded in 1970), and new college opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Slot Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were opened in addition to institute specializing in Agriculture and Technology. Numerous Polytechnics were also exposed, including the Yaba School of Engineering in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the projected enrollment in the principal colleges was 12 million, Extra and complex colleges 1.2 million, educators schools 240,000 and Universities 75,000 2020 jamb expo. One would expect that with this kind of estimate, the Nigerian education in Nigeria three decades after might have considerably improved. Unfortunately the opposite has been the case.
The present decline in the Nigerian education process may be tracked back once again to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there is a scarcity of qualified teachers, the few competent teachers were not compensated in a regular manner. The number of colleges did not develop with the populace and lots of the current schools were inadequately funded causing bad maintenance. In the Universities inferior funding generated the lack of space and resources. Upsurge in tuition charge usually resulted in riots resulting in termination of semesters. Industrial measures by the School Team seeking for larger salaries and better functioning problems also compounded the situations. But, nowadays governors in most state are handling these issues.
The injury to the educational program has been done. Most graduates lack the mandatory survival and cultural skills that should have now been discovered in schools. These have led to several devastating conditions in the nation. The biggest market of the nation’s development “the Training system” no more holds value; hence the whole nation is slipping apart. Products and services of the Nigeria education program are not employable, creating enormous unemployment and under-development in the country. Number emergency skills ultimately causing improved poverty rate in the country.
The specific situation however is not totally hopeless. The foundation of training in Nigeria upon that your Europeans put the western-style education is strong. It has managed to carry the academic process of the nation together through the difficulty days. However, if remaining unattended, we will all join Chinua Achebe and exclaim: Things break apart, The middle cannot hold… Anarchy is defined forth everywhere.
Conventionally, examinations are considered as a method of review of students who’ve been through one degree of knowledge or yet another at the conclusion of a term, session or academic year. However, among other worrisome developments which the industry is experiencing in the united kingdom in these times, the likelihood of examination malpractices in the Nigerian educational process is just a cardinal one that is quickly assuming an amount of national and international embarrassment and harmful dimension. It is really a harming crisis, which if not relieved shortly, may possibly ruin the nation’s all-important knowledge sector.