When we think of mushrooms and the southern Mexico condition of Oaxaca, the 1st factor which traditionally arrives to thoughts is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But gradually that is all altering as a consequence of the groundbreaking function of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by means of their business, Mico-lógica.
Dependent in the village of Benito Juárez, found in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (far more frequently identified as the Sierra Norte, the state’s main ecotourism region), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to prepare the two Mexicans and guests to the place in the minimal-expense cultivation of a assortment of mushroom species to teach about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) value of mushrooms and to conduct ongoing study regarding optimum climatic locations and the diversity of substrata for mushroom lifestyle.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in truth to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Indeed, coming all the way to Mexico from France to go after my desire in mushrooms looks like a extended way to travel,” Mathieu discussed in a modern job interview in Oaxaca. “But there really wasn’t significantly of an opportunity to perform studies and increase a organization in Western Europe,” he carries on, “considering that reverence for mushrooms had been all but entirely eradicated by The Church above the training course of generations and I realized that Mexico still maintains a regard and appreciation for the medicinal and nutritional worth of hongos. Mexico is much from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is much more than a five hour generate from the closest metropolitan center. Accordingly, Mathieu ultimately realized that staying in Huautla, while keeping an historic attract and currently being in a geographic location conducive to working with mushrooms, would hinder his endeavours to increase a organization and cultivate widespread desire in understanding about fungi. Mathieu became cognizant of the burgeoning track record of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held each year in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu satisfied Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom occasion. Jiménez experienced moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico City in 2002. The two shared similar interests Jiménez experienced analyzed agronomy, and for near to a ten years experienced been working with sustainable agriculture assignments in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina location of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez grew to become company, and then lifestyle associates in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on a few mushroom species in their fingers-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their a single-working day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we are also teaching a honest little bit about the medicinal makes use of of mushrooms, so far more time is needed,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it truly is predominantly [but not completely] a course on cultivation.”
While training seminars are now only provided in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez plan to broaden functions to include each the central valleys and coastal areas of Oaxaca. The object is to have a network of producers developing distinct mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation primarily based on the distinct microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and therefore as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to different climatic locations is remarkable. “The oyster can be grown in a multitude of different substrata, and that’s what we’re experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when grown on merchandise which would in any other case be waste, this kind of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (including the fibrous waste made in mezcal distillation), peas, the typical river reed recognized as carriso, sawdust, and the listing goes on. Agricultural waste which could normally be left to rot or be burned, each and every with adverse environmental implications, can sort substrata for mushroom cultivation. It should be famous, however trite, that mushroom cultivation is a highly sustainable, eco-friendly industry. In excess of the earlier many a long time Mexico has in simple fact been at the fore in several regions of sustainable industry.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even higher environmental very good:
“They can maintain up to 30 thousand instances their mass, getting implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been utilized to cleanse up oil spills by means of absorption and hence are an important car for habitat restoration. Research has been completed with mushrooms in the fight from carpenter ant destruction it really is been proposed that the use of fungi has the prospective to totally revamp the pesticide market in an environmentally helpful way. There are practically hundreds of other eco-pleasant purposes for mushroom use, and in every case the mushroom continues to be an edible by-solution. Take a seem at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Techniques Mushrooms Can Save The Planet.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can often be identified marketing their merchandise on weekends in the organic markets in Oaxaca. mushroom growing kit are each a lot more than content to discuss the dietary worth of their products which range from naturally their clean mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with both chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can not be located in fruits or vegetables, and accordingly a diet regime which involves fungi is very important for vegetarians who can not get B12, most typically contained in meats. Mushrooms can very easily be a substitute for meats, with the edge that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones frequently discovered in industrially processed meat merchandise.
Mico-lógica also sell teas and extracts manufactured from various mushroom species, every single formulated as possibly a dietary health supplement, or for their medicinal homes. Whilst neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological qualifications to prescribe mycological therapy for serious illnesses, Mathieu’s possess research points to the medicinal use of mushrooms relationship from pre-background, to the current. He notes houses of mushrooms which can support to restore the immune technique, and hence the use of fungi as a enhance in the treatment method of most cancers and AIDS, and their utility in managing diabetes and managing large cholesterol.
“We need to all be embracing the organic creation of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It’s so easy, it involves a minimum cash expenditure, and it provides substantial benefits, each for people ingesting hongos for dietary and medicinal causes, and for the producers, even modest scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. Yet most of the dried mushrooms offered in Mexico are imported from China, and are not organic and natural. It’s a actual shame on many amounts.”